# Binary theory of the universe

In the physical sciences, basic laws of nature are established through observational investigation, rational conclusions and stated generalizations to which there are no observable exceptions that cannot be explained. While this is a precise elemental tool used by scientists, most of us employ this process intuitively rather than intentionally or knowingly every day.

For example, you may look outside your window one morning and observe signs of moisture on the ground outside Step 1 - Observation. Based on prior experience, you conclude from this observable evidence that it either is or has been raining Step 2 — Hypothesis formulation.

You then extend this conclusion to anticipate that it might still be raining or rain again soon and therefore, the need for an umbrella if you go outside Step 3- Extrapolation. You then test your hypothesis by stepping outside into an unprotected area where you observe that it either is or is not raining Step 4- Corroboration.

If, after using step 4 it turns out that some phenomenon other than rain resulted in the moisture you observed, you must abandon the hypothesis and start over. Step 3 leading to **binary theory of the universe** 4 is an ongoing set of experiments testing the hypothesis in different areas of natural phenomenon. This is a crude and overly simplified illustration of the practical use of the scientific method at work. In modern times we are more familiar with the equation: When scientific binary theory of the universe takes the form of a generalization, or Hypothesisthere are usually several other expressions of the same thing stated differently.

Corollaries serve to add binary theory of the universe precision in explaining a fundamental hypothesis. In addition to the Scientific Method, Hypotheses, Corollaries and Theories, precise definitions and their meaning are critically and inseparably essential to our rational understanding of significant discoveries and new knowledge.

Having now given you a basic overview of these terms and their value in the scientific approach to acquiring knowledge, we can state and to a limited degree illustrate, the generalization pertaining to the Binary Universe hypothesis formulated by Lyle Jacobson, together with key definitions and corollaries.

The universe is composed of and structured by the interdependent opposites of the physical 1 and non-physical 0where the physical organizes and uses the non-physical to reach absorption through emission. Non-physical 0 — Geometrical entities that are the 'nothing' of spatial holes which are organized by, utilized by, and their existance and geometry defined by, the physical 1.

Physical 1 — Geometrical entities that are the 'somethings' of matter which utilize the non-physical 0 for their motion and as a place to exist while organizing spatial 0 entities. The physical 1 binary theory of the universe utilizes, organizes and defines its existance and geometry by the non-physical 0.

Emission — The act or process of physically emptying non-physical spaces holes through motional energy emission, thus creating a loss of motional energy by the object that emits.

Absorption — The act or process of physically filling non-physical space holes through motional energy absorbtion, thus creating a gain in motional energy by the object that absorbs. Both the physical and non-physical are mutually dependent upon each other for defining their existence.

The physical and non-physical represent the frame of reference for all observations and measurements. The universe is a physical filling absorption and emptying emission of holes non-physical realized through the development and use of the non-physical by the physical.

For a structure to have existence, viability binary theory of the universe function, it must continue to oscillate between absorption fill and emission empty. The binary nature of the physical and non-physical produces two forces in nature: The physical and non-physical cannot be created or destroyed; their shape and form will change, but the amount of each will always be conserved.

The foundation and source of all opposites are the physical 1 and non-physical 0 with the resultant forces of attraction 0-to-1 binary theory of the universe 1-to-0 and repulsion 0-to-0 and 1-to Opposites define each other and cannot stand alone; to know one is to know the other. To order, click here. Principles Binary theory of the universe scientific explanation of The Discovery of Nothing In the physical sciences, basic laws of nature are established through observational investigation, rational conclusions and stated generalizations to which there are no observable exceptions that cannot be explained.

Binary Universe Hypothesis Generalization The universe is composed of and structured by the interdependent opposites of the physical 1 and non-physical 0where the physical organizes and uses the non-physical to reach absorption through emission.

In physics and cosmologydigital physics also referred to as digital ontology or digital philosophy is a collection of theoretical perspectives based on the premise that the universe is describable by information. According to this theory, the universe can be conceived of as either the output of a deterministic or probabilistic computer program, a vast, digital computation device, or mathematically isomorphic to such a device.

The operations of computers must be compatible with the principles of information theorystatistical thermodynamicsand quantum mechanics. Ina link among these fields was proposed by Edwin Jaynes. The hypothesis that the universe is a digital computer was proposed by Konrad Zuse in his book Rechnender Raum translated into English as Calculating Space. The term digital physics was [ citation needed ] employed by Edward Fredkinwho later came to prefer the term digital philosophy.

Quantum versions of digital physics have recently been proposed by Seth Lloyd [7] and Binary theory of the universe Zizzi. Digital physics suggests that there exists, at least in principle, a program for a universal computer that computes the evolution of the universe.

The computer could be, for example, a huge cellular automaton Zuse [1] [9]or a universal Turing machineas suggested by Schmidhuber [1]who pointed out that there exists a short program that can compute all possible computable universes in an asymptotically optimal way.

Loop quantum gravity could lend support to digital physics, in that it assumes space-time is quantized. Pancomputationalism also known as pan-computationalism, naturalist computationalism is a view that the universe is binary theory of the universe computational machine, or rather a network of computational processes which, following fundamental physical laws, computes dynamically develops its own next state from the current one. He pointed out that a simple explanation of the universe would be a Turing machine programmed to execute all possible programs computing all possible histories for all types of computable physical laws.

He also pointed out that there is an optimally efficient way of computing all computable universes based on Leonid Levin 's universal search algorithm Inhe expanded this work by combining Ray Solomonoff's theory of inductive inference with the assumption that quickly computable universes are more likely than others.

This work on digital physics also led to limit-computable generalizations of algorithmic information or Kolmogorov complexity and the concept of Super Omegas, which are limit-computable numbers that are even more random in a certain sense than Gregory Chaitin 's number of wisdom Omega. **Binary theory of the universe** toughest nut to crack in Wheeler's research program of a digital dissolution of physical being in a unified physics, Wheeler says, is time.

In a eulogy to the mathematician Hermann WeylWheeler proclaimed: Of all obstacles to a thoroughly penetrating account of existence, none looms up more dismayingly than 'time. Not without explaining existence. Not without explaining time. To uncover the deep and hidden connection between time and existence The idea that information could be the fundamental quantity at the core of physics was presented earlier by Frederick W.

Kantor a renowned physicist at Columbia University. Kantor's book Information Mechanics Wiley-Intersciencedeveloped the idea in detail, but without mathematical rigor. Kantor's theory builds on just 3 very short axioms: Information is conserved; information is transmittable; information is discretely accessible. Kantor's theory also binary theory of the universe that the three laws of thermodynamics are specious. Specifically, the flaws are that the first law disregards mass-energy equivalence, the second law contradicts the unitarity of quantum mechanics, and the third law implies the existence of a single ground state, which is manifestly false when one considers the states of a binary theory of the universe represented on an Argand diagram.

In information mechanics, representation of information in physical systems is treated as a conceptual, computation, and design tool. Binary theory of the universe allows the formulation of certain results which has hitherto eluded mainstream physicists. Not every informational approach to physics or ontology is necessarily digital.

According to Luciano Floridi binary theory of the universe, [29] "informational structural realism" is a variant of structural realism that supports an ontological commitment to a world consisting of the totality of informational objects dynamically interacting with each other. Such informational objects are to be understood as constraining affordances.

Pancomputationalists like Lloydwho models the universe as a quantum computercan still maintain an analogue or hybrid ontology; and informational ontologists like Kenneth Sayre and Floridi embrace neither a digital ontology nor a pancomputationalist position. The classic Church—Turing thesis claims that any computer as powerful as a Turing machine can, in principle, calculate anything that a human can calculate, given enough time.

Turing moreover showed that there exist universal Turing machines which can compute anything any other Turing machine can compute—that they are generalizable Turing machines. But the limits of practical computation are set by physicsnot by theoretical computer science:. He proved that his universal machine can compute any function that any Turing machine can compute; and he put forward, and advanced philosophical arguments in support of, the thesis here called Turing's thesis.

But a thesis concerning the extent of effective methods—which is to say, concerning the extent of procedures of a certain sort that a human being binary theory of the universe by machinery is capable of carrying out—carries no implication concerning the extent of the procedures that machines are capable of carrying out, even machines acting in accordance with 'explicitly stated rules.

On the other hand, a modification of Turing's binary theory of the universe does bring practical computation within Turing's limits; as David Deutsch puts it:.

This compound conjecture is sometimes called the "strong Binary theory of the universe thesis" or the Church—Turing—Deutsch principle. It is stronger because a human or Turing machine computing with pencil and paper under Turing's conditions is a finitely realizable physical system. So far there is no experimental confirmation of either binary or quantized nature of the universe, which are basic for digital physics. The few attempts made in this direction would include the experiment with holometer designed by Craig Hoganwhich among others would detect a bit structure of space-time.

One objection is that extant models binary theory of the universe digital physics are incompatible [ citation needed ] with the existence of several continuous characters of physical symmetriese. Proponents of digital physics claim that such continuous symmetries are only convenient and very good approximations of a discrete reality.

For example, the reasoning leading to systems of natural units and the conclusion that the Planck length is a minimum meaningful unit of distance suggests that at some level, space itself is quantized. Moreover, computers can manipulate and solve formulas describing real numbers using symbolic computationthus avoiding the need to approximate real numbers by using an infinite number of digits.

A number—in particular a real numberone with an infinite number of digits—was defined by Turing to be computable if a Turing machine will continue to spit out digits endlessly.

In other words, there is no "last digit". But this sits uncomfortably with any proposal that the universe is the output of a virtual-reality exercise carried out in real time or any plausible kind of time. Known physical laws including quantum mechanics and its continuous spectra are very much infused with real numbers and the mathematics of the continuum. Thus, from the point of view of strict mathematical description, the thesis that everything is a computing system in this second sense cannot be supported".

For his part, David Deutsch generally takes a " multiverse " view to the question of continuous vs. When the equations of quantum theory describe a continuous but not-directly-observable transition between two values of a discrete quantity, what they are telling us is that the transition **binary theory of the universe** not take place entirely within one universe. So perhaps the price of continuous motion is not an infinity of consecutive actions, but an infinity of concurrent actions taking place across the multiverse.

Some argue that extant models of digital physics violate various postulates of quantum physics. This criticism has two possible answers. First, any notion of locality in the digital model does not necessarily binary theory of the universe to correspond to locality formulated in the usual way in the emergent spacetime. A concrete example of this binary theory of the universe was given by Lee Smolin. Thus, the assumption that the experimenter could have decided to measure different components of the spins than he actually did is, strictly speaking, not true.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Quantum gravity from quantum computation. The Quantum Computer View. Die Einheit der Natur. The Unity of Nature. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. Aufbau der Physik in German. Zeit und Wissen in German.

Ur Theory and Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy". International Journal of Theoretical Physics. Geons, Black Holes, and Quantum Foam: A Life in Physics. The search for links". Binary theory of the universe Zurek, Wojciech Hubert. Complexity, Entropy, and the Physics of Information. This paper cites John A.

Also see Chalmers, D. Wheeler, "Information, physics, quantum: The search for links" in W. Bell,"Bertlmann's socks and the nature of reality," Journal de Physique 42 C2: Retrieved from " https: Digital media Theoretical physics Theory of computation. CS1 German-language sources de Pages with URL errors All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June All articles with failed verification Articles with failed verification from December Articles with unsourced statements from July Articles needing more detailed references.

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